Why do knees hurt? Causes of knee joint diseases
Let's see what a knee is and what a knee joint is.
The knee joint is the three main bones, the femur, the tibia, and the patella. The joint is covered with cartilage and the most common damage after the ligaments and meniscus is damage to this cartilage. It also happens that the damage occurred in all areas. Now let's figure out why the knee hurts.
When the knees are overstressed or no stress at all, since joint health requires movement that nourishes the joints. Under excessive load, the cartilage changes, up to complete erasure. With such damage to the joint, a disease such as arthrosis appears. With arthrosis, severe pain is felt, the pain increases with exertion.
If you hear a loud crunch while squatting, most likely with a 90% probability, it's a torn meniscus. When lifting, the knee will not fully extend and the final verdict will be given after the MRI.
In any such situations, be vigilant and if, when visiting a regular clinic, the doctor decides to limit himself to an X-ray, most likely, the wrong diagnosis will be made and, as a result, the wrong therapy will be prescribed, which can only aggravate the condition of the knee joint.
What are the first steps to take if your knee hurts.
The first thing to do to alleviate the condition is to remove the load from the sore knee.
If you are engaged in active sports, it is necessary to temporarily stop such activity. If you train in the gym, exclude various squats and all kinds of exercises with a load on the knees from the training program. Various anti-inflammatory ointments can be used. If, after taking the necessary measures, the pain and swelling does not subside, it is necessary to consult a doctor and undergo a full examination.
MRI examinations are number one in the diagnosis of joint diseases. For diagnostic data to be as accurate as possible, choose an MRI machine of at least 1.5 Tesla.
Once a complete picture is obtained, appropriate action will be recommended. Healing shots and special exercises may be prescribed.
Do not rush to agree to the operation, try to consult with several specialists, visit another clinic, go through additional research. Each doctor has his own view of the problem, and therefore a different method of solving it.
There are conservative treatments for the knee joint. First of all, it is a good muscle framework, weight loss, the use of various anti-inflammatory drugs, both external and internal, various injection methods are used. There are now many different innovative therapies, ranging from bone marrow concentrate to PRP injections - therapy.
And finally, let's touch on such a topic as various complexes for nutrition and restoration of joints, supplements and nutraceuticals. Complexes, which in most cases contain chondroitin, glucosamine, hyaluronic acid, etc. These funds really give an anti-inflammatory and nourishing effect, even the most desperate skeptics today do not doubt this. But you also need to understand that the growth of cartilage when taking these funds is simply impossible.
Be healthy and take care of your joints!